We are pleased to reproduce below an English translation of the editorial from the first issue of the new Venezuelan Marxist paper – Lucha de Clases.
The Venezuelan revolution is at a
crossroads – either it proceeds to expropriate the bourgeoisie and do
away with the bourgeois state or the right-wing reactionary oligarchy
will start to gain ground and threaten all that has been achieved so
far. In this context the PSUV is the key. It must adopt a Marxist
programme. That is why the Marxists have launched Lucha de Clases
(Class Struggle) as a tool for the transformation of the PSUV into a
Marxist revolutionary party capable of leading the socialist revolution.
“Karl Marx was right: All human history is marked by class
struggle.” Comrade Hugo Chavez on his Alo Presidente 351 (February 7,
Lucha de Clases is born! Voice of Marxist workers and youth
of the PSUV.
crossroads: either the revolution is radicalized or it will be in
serious danger. Already a sector of those known as the "endogenous
right" has begun to take advantage of the economic crisis caused by
capitalism. Capitalism has failed as a worldwide economic system. As we
can see, the bourgeoisie in Venezuela is unable to develop the
productive forces; the only thing that it has been able to develop has
been a constant sabotage, economic paralysis, disinvestment, guarimbas
[street riots] and coups. The PPT and Henry Falcón are trying to
hugely magnify the contradictions within the revolution. For the
revolution to maintain its social base, it is necessary to nationalise
the banks, industries, the land and all the abandoned and underutilised
factories and place them under the control of the workers and the
organized people. Only in this way can the most pressing needs of the
masses be solved: health, education, housing, food, security,
recreation, culture, sports, art, science.
The "recovery" of the capitalist system
Instead of the so-called "recovery" and "end of the crisis" that the
IMF was talking about in October, what we are seeing now is completely
the opposite. The world bourgeoisie are extremely concerned about the
Greek crisis, which has threatened to bring down the euro and forced a
multi-billion-dollar rescue package to be patched together by Germany,
France and the IMF. Recently the President of the Federal Reserve
expressed concern about the Greek crisis and how it can affect the
recovery of the system in the US. We are of course likely to see an
economic recovery, but this does not mean that the contradictions that
flow from a system in crisis will not become sharper.
"Some people say that we don’t have blood in our veins. Well, we
really are here to do business and this is what we have told the state."
Alejandro Uzcategui, President of Empreven [an organization of
entrepreneurs in Venezuela] in an interview with Vanessa Davies during Backlash
on August 19, 2009.
World Bank forecasts for GDP growth in Latin America this year range
from 4.7% for Chile, to the lowest of 1.7% for Ecuador. The only country
expected to be in recession this year will be Venezuela with a fall of
-0.2%. Government figures also are not very flattering: they are
forecasting 0.5% growth in 2010, while Giordani [Minister of Planning]
aims to reach 3% or 4%, which is an illusion, since the electricity
crisis in the country will not let us grow by that much.
What we saw last year was a drastic drop in GDP of -3.3%. According
to the Central Bank of Venezuela, the recession has been caused by the
falling prices of oil. Private investment fell by 7.0% in the last
quarter of 2009 compared with the same period in 2008. The recession has
led to a sharp drop in gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) which fell
at an annual rate of 8.2%.
What we are seeing is what the supporters of the International
Marxist Tendency have said over and over again: the bourgeoisie no
longer plays any role other than a counter-revolutionary one. This is
also the case with the so-called “socialist businessmen" such as the
above quoted Alejandro Uzcategui, President of Empreven.
Class, Party and leadership
The role of the party is the key to putting an end to the current
crisis the Venezuelan economy is going through. The Congress of the
United Socialist Party [PSUV] should have been used to announce a
revolutionary programme that can put a definitive end to the domination
of capital and remove the existing state apparatus, which remains
bourgeois. However, at the conference films were shown, delegates were
separated according to the state they came from and at the end of the
congress only one third of the delegates elected were participating.
Comrade Chavez has explained time and again that what needs to be done
is to destroy the state apparatus; well, it is time to do so! These are
the issues we will take up wherever the PSUV is active, within the
patrols, in the halls of social struggle, in the factories and unions.
It is time to discuss and open up all the spaces of debate. The
Marxists will put forward our contribution, our proposals, as we did in
our recent document
produced for the extraordinary congress that states:
“Do we want more housing, hospitals, schools, social centres and
benefits for workers? Then, nationalize the banks! Last year alone,
bankers pocketed more than $2,615 billion, while we face a huge deficit
of approximately 14,000 homes not built in the last quarter.
“Do we want to maintain and create more jobs? Then nationalise
industry, starting with the multinationals that sack and harass workers
and trade unionists such as Mitsubishi, Toyota, Vivex and Johnson’s
Control. Nationalise immediately all companies occupied by their
workers. The bosses have revealed their parasitical nature during the
years of President Chavez’s government, bringing industry almost to a
“Do we want food for everyone? Then nationalise the land and extend
agrarian reform and land distribution. Immediately nationalise Polar and
all the networks of production, supply and distribution of food.
“If we want to solve the problems of electricity supply in the
country, if we want to solve the problem of medical care, it is
necessary to plan the economy under workers’ control."
Against unprincipled sectarianism
“ Since sectarians, as in general every kind of blunderer and
miracle-man, are toppled by reality at each step, they live in a state
of perpetual exasperation, complaining about the ‘regime’ and the
‘methods’ and ceaselessly wallowing in small intrigues. In their own
circles they customarily carry on a regime of despotism. The political
prostration of sectarianism serves to complement, shadow-like, the
prostration of opportunism, revealing no revolutionary vistas.” (Leon
As we saw in the case of Orlando Chirino in the past, today we see
the same phenomenon within our former organization, the Revolutionary
Marxist Current. The activists of the International Marxist Tendency
witnessed a continuous process of bureaucratic degeneration. The
comradely criticism we made of the comrades of our former organization
led to the expulsion of most of our supporters active in the J-PSUV, of
the comrades in several occupied factories and under workers’ control
(such as Cemex, Inaf, Gotcha, Inveval) who were members of the CMR. The
drastic turn which our former comrades have taken has been noticeable in
several attacks against comrade Chavez. We saw this in their recent
articles, such as “The commander in his labyrinth” (El comandante en
su laberinto). We wish to make it clear to all our friends,
comrades and supporters that the comrades of the International Marxist
Tendency have absolutely nothing to do with the sectarian turn of the
CMR and El Militante.
While claiming to be part of the PSUV, they are in fact merely a
group of observers who comment on events from outside the living
process. They carry out no coordinated work in the branches in the
party, nor amongst the youth, nor in the assemblies of people’s
movements, nor at the extraordinary congress. In practice they are not
part of the PSUV and their idea is to create a larger group and finally
break with the PSUV. Our tactics have nothing to do with this sectarian
policy. We struggle for the PSUV to become the party that can lead the
revolution to victory. The criticisms and polemics that we raise will
always be comradely and aimed at helping to raise the political level of
the PSUV membership as whole.
Lucha de Clases is born!
Given the great debate that has opened up today within the ranks of
the PSUV, the comrades grouped around the journal Lucha de Clases
want to offer our contribution to the whole membership. We say very
clearly: it is time to put an end to the private ownership of the means
of production, the banks and the land. We are in solidarity with each
and every one of the struggles of the working class. We invite all PSUV
comrades, trade unionists, workers, peasants to join us in the struggle
for a Marxist programme for the PSUV. It is time to radicalise the
Join Lucha de Clases!